(Or press escape)
People in emotional distress have always turned to others for support. Teachers, gurus, priests and shamans have long been sought out for purposes in some ways comparable to those found in present day counselling.
Sigmund Freud’s development of psychoanalysis was just one of the three key influences on the evolution of counselling as is understood today.
The others are the Californian personal and humanistic psychology movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s, within which Carl Rodgers had the most influence on counselling practice, and mainstream psychology which has contributed a variety of behavioural and cognitive approaches.
Rogers deliberately popularised the term ‘counselling’ as a strategy to prevent the medical and psychiatric establishments from monopolising the professional provision of helping relationships.
Various attempts continue to be made to produce an integrative model of counselling which combines the best elements from various approaches.