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Psychotherapy — a brief background

 

People in emotional distress have always turned to others for support. Teachers, gurus, priests and shamans have long OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAbeen sought out for purposes in some ways comparable to those found in present day counselling.

Sigmund Freud’s development of psychoanalysis was just one of the three key influences on the evolution of counselling as is understood today.

The others are the Californian personal and humanistic psychology movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s, within which Carl Rodgers had the most influence on counselling practice, and mainstream psychology which has contributed a variety of behavioural and cognitive approaches.

Naturally, such diverse origins have produced an ongoing debate amongst practitioners of crisis_point_integrative_model_psychotherapy_Sexual_abuse_courtesy_of_addictionblogcounselling as to the best or most effective theoretical and practical approaches.

Rogers deliberately popularised the term ‘counselling’ as a strategy to prevent the medical and psychiatric establishments from monopolising the professional provision of helping relationships.

Various attempts continue to be made to produce an integrative model of counselling which combines the best elements from various approaches.

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